August 12, 2022
What Do You Know About Morton's Neuroma?

Morton’s neuroma is a disorder in which fibrous tissue forms around a nerve in the foot that compresses and irritates the nerve. The affected nerve is usually the one at the base of the third or fourth finger. It can lead to permanent nerve damage.

Symptoms Morton’s neuroma

If you have Morton’s neuroma, you may have the following symptoms:

  • Foot pain: Sudden attacks of pain may occur, with long periods between attacks in which there are no symptoms.
  • Numbness.
  • An abnormal sensation in the foot, such as burning or itching.
  • Swelling of the foot around the affected nerve.
  • Symptoms may worsen as the neuroma grows and the nerve injury becomes permanent.

Causes of Morton’s neuroma

Morton’s neuroma can develop due to irritation and stress of the foot nerve over a long period of time. Repeated irritation of the pulp of the foot, such as when running, can cause a neuroma to develop. Turning your foot or finger up too much may also increase the risk of developing a neuroma.

Another common cause of Morton’s neuroma is wearing shoes that are too tight or not fit. If the calf muscles are tight or if you tend to push your foot in too much, you are also more likely to develop this disorder.

 

What Do You Know About Morton's Neuroma?

Treatment and Remedies to Morton’s neuroma

Your family doctor can refer you to a podiatrist or a physiotherapist to treat Morton’s neuroma. There are several things that the doctor can suggest:

  • Carrying a gel pad on the shoe to keep the footbridge elevated can help you avoid compression and nerve irritation.
  • Use a cold compress, such as ice or a bag of frozen peas, wrapped in a towel, until the swelling subsides (do not apply ice directly to the skin, as it could cause bites and damage your skin).
  • Use an Orthotic (a special insole that is worn inside the shoe to provide support and proper fit).
  • Deep tissue massage.
  • Stretching exercises.
  • Foot strengthening exercises.
  • You can take pain relievers without a prescription, such as ibuprofen, to help reduce pain and inflammation. Always read the leaflet that accompanies the medicine.
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If these treatments do not work, you may have an injection of steroids in your foot to reduce pain and inflammation. Occasionally, surgery may be necessary to remove or release the affected nerve. Your family doctor will refer you to an orthopedic surgeon if necessary.

Recommendations

Wear soft sole shoes with a low heel and plenty of finger room.

Visit your family doctor, podiatrist or physiotherapist, as soon as you notice the symptoms. The sooner the problem is diagnosed, the less likely you are to need surgery.

Don’ts

  • Wear narrow shoes, tights, and high heels, as they can aggravate the symptoms.
  • Continue activities like running that put the neuroma under pressure repeatedly.

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