August 12, 2022
Solutions For Dental Or Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is a medical condition that is associated with an intense and transient dental pain caused by the exposure of dentin (internal part of the tooth) to an external stimulus of thermal, chemical or tactile origin that cannot be associated with any other dental pathology or oral condition.

If you feel strong pain in one or several teeth, similar to an electric current that goes through them for a few seconds when coming into contact with some very hot, cold, acid, pressure / tactile or sweet food, you may be suffering from dental sensitivity.

Dentin contains thousands of microscopic tubes, called dentinal tubules that connect the outside of the tooth with nerve endings. When the tooth loses its protection due to a retraction of the gum and / or wear of the tooth enamel, these tubules are open to the outside, allowing external stimuli to reach nerve endings and cause the sensation of pain.

Causes Of Tooth Sensitivity

The primary cause of dental sensitivity is the exposure of dentin, by the destruction of the enamel or by retraction of the gum. When the tooth loses its protection of tooth enamel or gum, these tubules allow external stimuli to reach nerve endings and cause pain.

However, numerous situations can cause exposure of dentinal tubules and can result in Dental Sensitivity. These are usually related to the lifestyle of the patients and their daily oral hygiene habits:

  • Improper tooth brushing because too much force and very abrasive toothpaste are used. Abrasive toothpaste can cause abrasion of the enamel, exposing the dentin.
  • Consumption of food and drinks that are too acidic (citrus, carbonated soft drinks, etc.) that cause erosion of the tooth, especially at the area of ​​the tooth closest to the gum.
  • Certain situations that cause an acidic oral environment, such as stomach pathologies (ulcer, hiatus hernia, etc.), and psychological ones like (bulimia, anorexia nervosa)
  • Being a professional wine taster, baker, etc…
  • It can also appear as a result of gingival recessions caused by dental treatments, such as professional cleaning, basic periodontal treatment or orthodontics.
  • Excessive force of chewing or bad habits of the patient can cause wear and dental exposure.
  • Periodontal treatment, especially surgery, can eliminate part of the gum leading to gingival recession.
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Solutions For Dental Or Tooth Sensitivity

Diagnoses

Pain due to dental sensitivity is easily identifiable. It is clearly recognizable by the following stimuli:

  • Food or drinks too cold or too hot
  • Consumption of sweet or acidic substances
  • Tooth brushing
  • When breathing cold air
  • Touch pressure

If the pain that occurs is not related to any of the stimuli or persists after it ceases, the cause is probably not dental sensitivity and could be due to the existence of underlying pathologies such as dental caries.

Solutions For Tooth Sensitivity

  • Follow some dietary habits in which we avoid the consumption of drinks and acidic foods, very cold or very hot.
  • Correct bad habits, such as the use of wooden sticks
  • Brush properly to help prevent enamel abrasion and gum retraction. Use a soft toothbrush.
  • Change the brush every three months or when the filaments are worn.

If the dental sensitivity is treated daily with appropriate products, the painful sensation it causes is avoided and normality can be recovered in teeth and gums.

Final Thoughts

The dentist can perform several treatments in the clinic, such as applying a fluoride varnish on sensitive areas to help strengthen the tooth or cuvettes with desensitizing products, among others.

In order to eliminate tooth sensitivity, it is very important to establish preventive measures together with adequate treatment in a clinic or at home.

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